Springfield gets its name from the many springs found in the area. There is a theory that All Saints' Church is built on the site of what was once a pagan sacred spring.
There have been people living in Springfield from ancient times. When the Romans ruled Britain there was a Roman villa along Stump Lane. After the Romans left the area was settled by the Saxons. This Saxon ownership of the land is commemorated in the name of a local public house, "The Two Saxons", on the corner of Bodmin Road and Tavistock Road.
It is believed that a Saxon church was built in 975 AD and that an offspring of William the Conqueror started the present building. In the early centuries the church was unusual in that it was shared by two ecclesiastical parishes, Springfield Boswells and Springfield Dukes. The two were merged in the eighteenth century.
Some wealthy families lived in Springfield in the eighteenth century. The homes they built included Springfield Place. Oliver Goldsmith, the poet, lived in Dukes Cottages, opposite the church, and is thought to have written his poem "The Village" there in the 1770s. There have even been claims that he based the poem on Springfield, which was then a village.
It remained an agricultural community until after the Second World War.The main part of the village was centred around the junction of Springfield Road with Arbour Lane. Even in the 1980s some older residents still referred to the parade of shops there as "the village".
From the 1950s onward most of Springfield became housing land, with large estates being built. Today it is a suburb of Chelmsford and popular with commuters working in London.